Hypothyroidism is an illness where the thyroid gland is not able to produce the required amount of thyroid hormone.
A major problem is a deficiency of iodine which contributes to the malfunction of the thyroid gland.
The latest estimate taken in 2012 showed that there were over 200 million people throughout the world who have this condition.
The split between men and women is approximately 90% women and 10% men.
The thyroid gland is in the shape of a butterfly and is found at the front of the neck.
The thyroid gland produces a hormone that controls the energy usage in the body.
One can say that it manages your metabolism.
It is important that one should ensure they do not have a diet that is low in iodine as this can possibly cause damage to the gland.