Guide to Hypothyroidism

Overview

The thyroid gland produces two different types of hormones, the iodothyronines and Calcitonin. While calcitonin plays a huge role in our bodies, it will be the iodothyronines that we will focus on as they are the major players in thyroid disorders. So, what are the iodothyronines and what functions do they serve in the body?

There are two different kinds of iodothyronines (which will be referred to as “thyroid hormones” from here on out) and they are thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These two hormones are absolutely essential and necessary for body development, growth and energy metabolism among other things. Thyroxine (T4) is what is known as a “prohormone” meaning that on it’s own, it has little to no effect and must be converted in the body to the biologically active form which is triiodothyronine(T3). There are many steps that go into the process of producing these thyroid hormones in the thyroid gland. It can certainly get confusing and complicated but most important parts to understand about the process are:

· It is essential to have the necessary amounts of iodide available in the body (iodide is a single ion whereas iodine is a compound). Not having the necessary amount of iodide in the body can lead to a lack of hormone production and an enlarged thyroid gland, also known as a goiter. Read the rest of this entry »

No Comments

Does Asthma Cause Claustrophobia?

I’m asthmatic and have claustrophobia. Does being asthmatic necessarily mean you’re going to suffer, also, from claustrophobia? Maybe. I read about this in Prevention magazine. It seems that recent studies show that there is a striking connection between asthma and psychological problems, i.e. depression and anxiety. If you’ve ever been in a situation where you have not been able to breath, it’s not hard then for the mind to extrapolate, “small place, no air.” In the last year or so I’ve, unfortunately, had some anxiety attacks brought about by asthma. For example, during our trip to Russia I acquired some bug. When we returned, I was sick for a good 6 weeks with coughing, sinus problems etc. So the coughing exacerbates the asthma. I’m going to my allergist, taking all kinds of stuff and still having trouble breathing. One night I wake up in a sweat and am gasping for air.

I tried not to panic. I was able to slow my breathing down and work my way out of it. But it was scary as hell. I can not imagine what it would be like to have a fully blown panic attack. But, back to asthma and claustrophobia. I’ve tried to overcome the phobia. A few years ago while in Rome (oh, another vacation dropper), we decided to go to the top of St. Peter’s Basilica. Now, if you’ve ever been in these old churches, you can only surmise that the people who built them must have been 5’5″ and 150 pounds because all of the walkways are very narrow and low. I decided to give it a try (my mantra is that if God put it on this earth, I want to see it). It was July and peak tourist season. As we begin to ascend, you’re walking in a spiral. So, you really only see the people’s butts in front of you. There are 100′s of people in front of me and 100′s behind me. Read the rest of this entry »

No Comments

Leg Elevation and Your Health

We are all supposed to regularly check our feet and legs for signs of swelling, this becomes more important as we get older. Most adults in the UK suffer from one of the many venous diseases, whether it is in a mild or chronic form. If you are not already a sufferer, then as you grow older your chances of developing one or more of them increases. It’s not all doom and gloom though because there are things that you can do reduce your chances of getting them and if you already have them relieve the symptoms caused by them. As the title suggests, this article looks in to the reasons we should all be putting our feet up on a daily basis.

Firstly you need to know a little bit about how it all works.

Venous blood

It is easy enough for blood and other bodily fluids to flow into your feet throughout the day, whether you are sitting, standing or walking, with the help of the natural force called gravity, inverting the old adage ‘what goes up must come down.’ The flow of fluid through y our veins is controlled by valves. If the valves are not working properly even as your body pushes most of the fluid upwards as you contract your calf muscles when you are walking this will not happen and. whatever fluid is left will remain in your lower limbs and collect there causing swelling and pain. Read the rest of this entry »

No Comments

Become Happy Parents Through Scientific Means

This concept of donating eggs may seem alien and unconventional to many, raising quite a few conservative eyebrows. However if the cause is noble in helping a woman who cannot conceive it is considered good enough.

There are certain legalities and formalities to be gone through for this process which we shall read about now. Not all women who wish to donate their eggs are eligible. Only a chosen few, who can meet the technical requirements give their eggs to a fertility centre. There is a lot of paperwork involved as most fertility clinics maintain a database of the patients and the donors.

The formalities prior to and during the procedure

The people who are giving away their eggs need to appear for a number of interviews with the process coordinator in order to complete the formalities. Some consent forms also have to be signed in order to go ahead with the proceedings. The women who are donating the eggs have to be medically examined for gene testing. Keep in mind that the medical background should be absolutely clear and there should be no genetic disorders in your blood line. Mental counseling and stability is also a must in this aspect. If you feel that there has been any kind of psychological problems in your family, please don’t opt for the donation. Read the rest of this entry »

No Comments

How To Prevent Hypothyroidism In Children

Hypothyroidism is a condition that occurs due to under activity of the thyroid gland. You must know that the thyroid gland is a butterfly formed gland present in the throat, just below the Adam’s apple. This glandular produces thyroid hormones (thyroxine T4) and (tri-iodothyronine T3) which accountable for regulation of metabolism, development and development. The decreased production of these hormones due to the under activity of the glandular lead to the condition known as hypothyroidism. Although this condition is frequently found in grown-ups, children are also discovered to suffer from it. Hypothyroidism in kids can be of two types – genetic hypothyroidism (present throughout birth) and acquired hypothyroidism (establishes later on). Let us see more on the causes, symptoms and therapy methods of this condition in detail.

Causes of Hypothyroidism in Infants and Children

Congenital hypothyroidism is triggered due to genetic abnormalities or abnormalities caused to the thyroid glandular before birth. Second of all, iodine deficiency in the mom can likewise result in hypothyroidism in babies. On the other hand, obtained hypothyroidism, in most of the cases, is caused due to autoimmune conditions. It is generally followed by viral infections. Secondly, use of radiation therapy, use of certain medicines, having a diet doing not have in iodine, and so on, are a few of the various other reasons for hypothyroidism in infants and kids. It has likewise been discovered that those having a family history of the condition are at a higher risk of dealing with it. Read the rest of this entry »

No Comments